Ebola virus disease is a usually fatal disease that can affect humans and some animals. It is caused by infection with the Ebola virus. The first case of Ebola in the U.S. was confirmed in September 2014. The first case of transmission of Ebola to a health care worker in the U.S. was confirmed in October 2014.
Government and medical experts agree that Ebola virus is spread by direct contact with an infectious person’s skin, blood, or body fluids such as urine, saliva, sweat, feces, vomit, breast milk, or semen. (Body fluids may contain blood even if blood is not visible.)
Because the virus can survive on surfaces for several days, people can also be infected by direct contact with objects (like needles or bed sheets) that contain infectious blood or body fluids.
To be at risk, you must have close contact with an infectious person (or animal). Close human contact means caring for or living with an infectious person with Ebola or having a high likelihood of direct contact with blood or body fluids from an infectious person.
Direct contact means contact between an infectious body fluid and your mouth, nose, eyes or mucous membranes, or non-intact skin (cuts, scrapes, etc.).
To see what advocacy NYCOSH has done in relation to Ebola preparedness, visit our “News” section.
For more in-depth information about Ebola, please review the following resources:
Fact Sheets and Information:
– NYCOSH Ebola Fact Sheet in English
– NYCOSH Ebola Fact Sheet in Spanish
– Powerpoint from Dr. Liza Brosseau: Is Ebola an Aerosol-Transmissible Disease
– Powerpoint from SEIU’s Mark Caitlin: SEIU presentation
Union Fact Sheets:
– American Federation of Teachers (.pdf)
– Health Professionals and Allied Employees
Ebola Training Materials:
– NYCOSH Curriculum Outline Coming Soon…
Governmental Guidelines, Recommendations, and Information:
– CDC Guidelines
– New York State Department of Health Guidelines
– OSHA Guidelines and Recommendations
– OSHA PPE Selection Matrix