Background and Resources

Government and medical experts agree that Ebola virus is spread by direct contact with an infectious person’s skin, blood, or body fluids such as urine, saliva, sweat, feces, vomit, breast milk, or semen. (Body fluids may contain blood even if blood is not visible.)

Because the virus can survive on surfaces for several days, people can also be infected by direct contact with objects (like needles or bed sheets) that contain infectious blood or body fluids.

To be at risk, you must have close contact with an infectious person (or animal). Close human contact means caring for or living with an infectious person with Ebola or having a high likelihood of direct contact with blood or body fluids from an infectious person.

Direct contact means contact between an infectious body fluid and your mouth, nose, eyes or mucous membranes, or non-intact skin (cuts, scrapes, etc.).

To see what advocacy NYCOSH has done in relation to Ebola preparedness, visit our “News” section.

For more in-depth information about Ebola, please review the following resources:

Fact Sheets and Information:
NYCOSH Ebola Fact Sheet in English

NYCOSH Ebola Fact Sheet in Spanish

– Powerpoint from Dr. Liza Brosseau: Is Ebola an Aerosol-Transmissible Disease

– Powerpoint from SEIU’s Mark Caitlin: SEIU presentation

Union Fact Sheets:
American Federation of Teachers (.pdf)
Health Professionals and Allied Employees

Ebola Training Materials:
– NYCOSH Curriculum Outline Coming Soon…

Governmental Guidelines, Recommendations, and Information:
CDC Guidelines
New York State Department of Health Guidelines
OSHA Guidelines and Recommendations
OSHA PPE Selection Matrix